The Temple tax (lit. מחצית השקל the half shekel) was a tax paid by Israelites and Levites which went towards the upkeep of the Jewish Temple, as reported in the New Testament. Traditionally, Kohanim (Jewish priests) were exempt from the tax.
What was the Temple tax paid for?
Presently, it is impossible to say with any certainty what coinage was most often used to pay the Temple tax in NT times. Several suitable pieces were available in the Holy Land for this purpose. The best candidates as the preferred coinage for the Temple tax are the Tyrian shekel and half-shekel. See Bek 8:7.
How did Jesus pay the Temple tax?
Apostle Peter paying the temple tax with a coin from the fish’s mouth by Augustin Tünger, 1486. Tilapia zilli (“St. Peter’s fish”), served in a Tiberias restaurant.
What was the Temple tax coin?
Tyrian shekels, tetradrachms, or tetradrachmas were coins of Tyre, which in the Roman Empire took on an unusual role as the medium of payment for the Temple tax in Jerusalem, and subsequently gained notoriety as a likely mode of payment for Judas Iscariot.
What does the Bible say about churches paying taxes?
Specifically, Luke 2:12-13 — “Some tax collectors came to be baptized, and they asked him, ‘Teacher, what are we to do?’ Don’t collect more than is legal, he told them.” And in Romans 13:6-7, St. Paul writes, “That is also why you pay taxes, because the authorities are working for God when they fulfill their duties.
Does your teacher not pay the temple tax?
The collectors of the temple tax (Greek: δίδραχμα, didrachma) came to Peter and said “Does your teacher not pay the temple tax?” The narrative, which does not appear in the other gospels, leads to a discussion between Jesus and Peter about payment of the taxes levied by the “kings of the earth”, and the miracle …
Why did Jesus pay taxes with a coin from the mouth of a fish?
Kings’ sons are exempt from paying taxes, so Jesus was not obligated to pay a tax to a temple belonging to his Father. But Jesus paid it anyway. By paying the tax with money delivered by a catfish, Jesus avoided one reason someone might have used to reject him.
Who did Matthew collect taxes for?
On the same day Jesus invited Matthew to follow him, Matthew threw a great farewell feast in his home in Capernaum, inviting his friends so they could meet Jesus too. From that time on, instead of collecting tax money, Matthew collected souls for the kingdom of God.
How much was the temple tax in Jesus time?
By Jewish religious law, as commanded in the Bible itself (Exodus 30:13; 38:25), every male Jew over the age of 20 had to give an annual contribution to the temple, of “half a shekel”.
What was the temple treasury in Jesus time?
The temple treasury was a storehouse (Hebrew אוצר ‘otsar) first of the tabernacle then of the Jerusalem Temples mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. The term “storehouse” is generic, and also occurs later in accounts of life in Roman Palestine where the otzar was a tax-collector’s grainhouse.
What was the 2 drachma temple tax?
There was a tax in the days of Jesus called, “the two drachma tax.” It was a temple tax with an obscure history. In Exodus 30:11–16, God instructed Moses to collect a half shekel flat tax from those over the age of twenty. This occurred during the time of the census, which is the Book of Numbers.
Who was the tax collector in the Bible?
In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus sympathizes with the tax collector Zacchaeus, causing outrage from the crowds that Jesus would rather be the guest of a sinner than of a more respectable or “righteous” person. Matthew the Apostle in the New Testament was a tax collector.
Who was present when Jesus was questioned about paying taxes?
Zacchaeus was also a short man, who forgot his dignity one day and climbed a tree so he could observe Jesus of Nazareth better. Crooked as these two tax collectors were, a critical lesson emerges from their stories in the Bible.