In Christian tradition, the Four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors attributed with the creation of the four Gospel accounts in the New Testament that bear the following titles: Gospel according to Matthew; Gospel according to Mark; Gospel according to Luke and Gospel according to John.
When were the 4 gospels written and by whom?
They were probably written between AD 66 and 110. All four were anonymous (the modern names were added in the 2nd century), almost certainly none were by eyewitnesses, and all are the end-products of long oral and written transmission.
Who were the writers of the 4 gospels?
Irenaeus thus identified the Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, as the four pillars of the Church, the four authors of the true Gospels.
What are the 4 canonical gospels?
The four gospels that we find in the New Testament, are of course, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The first three of these are usually referred to as the “synoptic gospels,” because they look at things in a similar way, or they are similar in the way that they tell the story.
Are there 4 gospels in the canon of the New Testament?
The canon contained four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), Acts, 21 letters, and one book of a strictly revelatory character, Revelation.
Who wrote the most letters in the New Testament?
The Pauline epistles, also known as Epistles of Paul or Letters of Paul, are the thirteen books of the New Testament attributed to Paul the Apostle, although the authorship of some is in dispute.
Who came first Luke or Matthew?
250), a pupil of Clement who also knew the work of Irenaeus well, enumerates the Gospels as follows: “As learned by tradition… the first written was Matthew… the second, Mark… the third, Luke… after all of them, John.” Most readers then and now have seen this as a clear statement of chronology, though some have doubted …
Who wrote Mark’s Gospel?
John Mark, the writer of the Gospel of Mark, also served as a companion to the Apostle Paul in his missionary work and later assisted the Apostle Peter in Rome. Three names appear in the New Testament for this early Christian: John Mark, his Jewish and Roman names; Mark; and John.
Davies and E. P. Sanders state that: “on many points, especially about Jesus’ early life, the evangelists were ignorant … they simply did not know and, guided by rumour, hope or supposition, did the best they could”.
Who wrote Gospel of Luke?
The traditional view is that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written by the physician Luke, a companion of Paul. Many scholars believe him to be a Gentile Christian, though some scholars think Luke was a Hellenic Jew.
Which Gospel was written for gentiles?
In contrast to either Mark or Matthew, Luke’s gospel is clearly written more for a gentile audience. Luke is traditionally thought of as one of Paul’s traveling companions and it’s certainly the case that the author of Luke was from those Greek cities in which Paul had worked.
Why are there only 4 Gospels in the New Testament?
Dozens of gospels circulated in early Christian communities. There actually are only four authentic gospels. … And this is obviously true because there are four corners of the universe and there are four principal winds, and therefore there can be only four gospels that are authentic.
What are the 4 categories of the New Testament?
The New Testament: Some Basic Information
The writings are of four types: Gospels, acts of the apostles, epistles, and apocalypse.
What is the 5th Gospel?
The Fifth Gospel (Das fünfte Evangelium), first published in Germany in 1993, is a novel by Philipp Vandenberg. The book deals with the discovery of a Coptic parchment that contains a gospel written by the son of Jesus and Mary Magdalene.