Question: What is the term for the semi circular decorated stone above the lintel of a portal to a medieval church?

What is the term for the semi circular decorative stone above the lintel of a portal to a medieval church?

Cruciform plan. within the Romanesque Church Portal. the semicircular area above the door lintel. Tympanum. within the Romanesque Church Portal.

What is the semi circular artwork above the portal into cathedrals and churches called?

A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. It often contains pedimental sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.

What is the name of this semicircular space beneath the vault where the image is created?

lunette, arching aperture in a wall or concave ceiling. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular. The word is the French diminutive of lune, “moon.” Lunettes may function as windows, they may form a cove for ornament or statuary, or they may be simply a section of wall framed by an arch or vault.

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What is a Romanesque tympanum?

tympanum : (plural, tympana): The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway. This area is often decorated with sculpture in the Romanesque and Gothic periods. See also: lintel, portal.

What does the tympanum depict?

tympanum, plural tympana, in Classical architecture, the area enclosed by a pediment, whether triangular or segmental. … To the sides, smaller figures of angels and demons weigh sins of the resurrected dead, who are ranked along the lowest and smallest section of the tympanum, directly above the lintel.

What is a series of arches called?

arcade, in architecture, a series of arches carried by columns or piers, a passageway between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway that provides access to adjacent shops.

What are cloisters used for?

A cloister is an enclosed garden, usually surrounded by covered walkways. Because such spaces are often featured in buildings that house religious orders, cloister can be used to mean “monastery” or “convent.”

What is the term for the U shaped corridor in the apse end of a church?

The transept of a church separates the nave from the sanctuary, apse, choir, chevet, presbytery, or chancel. … More often, the transepts extended well beyond the sides of the rest of the building, forming the shape of a cross.

What is an example of tympanum?

The middle ear. The eardrum. A hearing organ in frogs, toads and some insects.

What does nave mean in art?

nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers.

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What is a groin vault Edgenuity?

What is a groin vault? A groin vault has two barrel vaults of the same diameter which cross or intersect one another.

What is the term for the intersection of two barrel vaults at a right angle?

A groin vault or groined vault (also sometimes known as a double barrel vault or cross vault) is produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults. The word “groin” refers to the edge between the intersecting vaults.

What does the tympanum at Autun portray?

Gislebertus’s tympanum at Autun Cathedral, representing the Last Judgment, is an example. … On the tympanum of the west portal of the cathedral of Saint-Lazare, the Last Judgment is represented.

Where is the portal sculpture at St Lazare located?

This is the central portal on the West façade of the Cathedral of St. Lazare in Autun, France.

Is tympanum decorated with mosaic?

The usual subjects are biblical and symbolic, often arranged in horizontal tiers with numerous figures to illustrate a complete legend. Over the central doorway of Notre-Dame de Paris is a depiction of the Last Judgment. In Italy tympana were sometimes decorated with mosaic or fresco.