Who is Theophilus and why is he important?
Theophilus, (died January 20, 842, Constantinople), Eastern Roman emperor (829–842), principal promoter of the 9th-century Byzantine renascence of learning and the last advocate of the Eastern heresy of Iconoclasm (the destruction of religious images) in a reign beset by Arab invasions.
Who does Theophilus represent?
Theophilus /θiˈɒfɪləs/ is the name or honorary title of the person to whom the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles are addressed (Luke 1:3, Acts 1:1).
Was Theophilus a high priest?
Theophilus was the High Priest in the Second Temple in Jerusalem from 37 to 41 CE according to Josephus’s Antiquities of the Jews. He was a member of one of the wealthiest and most influential Jewish families in Iudaea Province during the 1st century.
What did Theophilus of Antioch do?
Educated in the Greek tradition, Theophilus became a Christian as an adult, after extended deliberation, and by 170 was elected bishop of Antioch. … His sole surviving work consists of three apologetic tracts To Autolycus, a pagan friend whose derision of the Christian faith prompted the defense.
Who was Theophilus and why did Luke write a gospel for him?
The Gospel of Luke was written with the intention of leading Theophilus, a lost man, to faith in Christ. Luke knew his relationship with Theophilus was an opportunity for helping him to place his faith in Christ.
Was Theophilus a gentile?
Theophilus was, likely a person of social and government rank, and a Gentile with a background in Roman and Greek culture. The generous inclusion of Old Testament texts suggests that Theophilus would have also had a background with the Jewish culture.
Who is Luke writing to in the Bible?
Luke, “the beloved physician” (Col. 4:14), a close associate of the St. Paul the Apostle. Luke’s Gospel is clearly written for Gentile converts: it traces Christ’s genealogy, for example, back to Adam, the “father” of the human race rather than to Abraham, the father of the Jewish people.
Why did Luke write his Gospel?
One of the reasons why Luke wrote his gospel was to chronicle how the Christian movement started with the work of John the Baptist in the Jordan region, where he proclaimed forgiveness and repentance, to how Christianity was proclaimed in the streets of Rome.
What is St Luke Christology?
Luke’s christology is carefully designed. Luke portrays the exalted Jesus as God’s co-equal by the kinds of things he does and says from heaven. Through the Holy Spirit, the divine name and personal manifestations, Jesus behaves toward people in Luke-Acts as does Yahweh in the Old Testament.
How did Luke know about Jesus?
Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. He became a follower after the Lord’s death, when Paul taught him the gospel. … McConkie (1915–85) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles says that Luke probably got his information about Jesus’s birth from Mary herself.
What happened to Luke in the Bible?
Luke was martyred at age 84 in the Greek city of Thebes. His remains were taken to Constantinople about 338 CE and later moved to Padua, Italy, where they are kept in the Basilica of Santa Giustina. A rib is interred at his original burial place in Thebes.
What did Tertullian say about the Trinity?
He is perhaps most famous for being the first writer in Latin known to use the term trinity (Latin: trinitas). Tertullian was never recognized as a saint by the Eastern or Western Catholic churches.
|Main interests||Soteriology, traducianism|
|Notable ideas||Hypostasis, ousia, sacrament, consubstantiality, persona|
Who wrote the book of Acts?
Acts of the Apostles, abbreviation Acts, fifth book of the New Testament, a valuable history of the early Christian church. Acts was written in Greek, presumably by St. Luke the Evangelist. The Gospel According to Luke concludes where Acts begins, namely, with Christ’s Ascension into heaven.